Personal memoirs

Learn the history through personal stories

Published with the kind permission of the authors
or their families. 
 

Bozena BALUT - Bozena Balut’s address to the Polish-Canadian Group on November 11, 1995. Inspired by her parents’ and grandparents’ generations, and  by Polish soldiers serving in the Allied forces and in the Home Army.  Dedicated to the memory of Jozef Majcher, soldier of the Polish Second Corps (and her mother’s older brother), killed in action in Italy in1944, and Stefan Jerzy  Zukotynski, Flying Officer, RAF, Polish Squadron 300 (and her paternal grandmother’s youngest brother), shot down over France in 1943.

Edward  BATOR- Deported with his family - he and one brother joined the Cadets, while his father and two older brothers joined the Polish 2nd Corps and participated in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, he spent some time in the UK before emigrating to the USA.  He later served in the US military.

Stanislaw BIERNACIK - Stanislaw fought in the September Campaign, evacuated to Romania, joined the Polish forces in France, evacuated to the UK, joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division, and fought in the European Campaign.  After the war, he spent some years in the UK before emigrating to the U.S.

Richard BITNER-GLINDZICZ - An excerpt from the book "song for Kresy" :  The journey south, after the 'amnesty'

Aleksander BOGDAN - Deported to Siberia with his parents and siblings, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign.  He spent some years in the UK before emigrating to Canada.

Krystyna BOJANOWICZ-KACZMARSKI - Deported with her parents and sister, who died in exile. She reached Persia, then spent the war years in Beirut, Lebanon.  She moved to England after the war, and eventually emigrated to the U.S.

Stefania BORST - She describes the 6 years spent in Kazakhstan with her 2 small children and her maid

Leonard BRZEZINSKI - Served in the Polish 2nd Corps, Signals Unit, and participated in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, he came to Canada on a 2 yr work contract

Teresa BUREK-OSZURKO - Deported to Siberia with her parents, grandparents and siblings, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps when they were released.  The rest of the family spent the war years iat the Valivade Camp in India, then settled in Buffalo, New York after the war

Ludomir CABUT - Deported to Siberia with his entire family, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps when they were released.  He later transferred to the Signals Unit of the 1st Polish Armoured Division (1PAD) and participated in the European Campaign. He settled in the UK 

Andrzej CHENDYNSKI - Deported with his parents and 2 brothers, he was the only one who survived.  Here he describes life in an orphanage in the USSR and then his life in Valivade, India.

Mieczyslaw CISZALOWICZ - He describes pre-war life on the settlement in Eastern Poland before he was deported to Siberiawith his parents and siblings.  Here he describes life in Siberia, life in Masindi in East Africa, and then his life after the war.

CHROCIELEWSKI - Description of the Caspian Sea Crossing to Persia in 1942

Stanislaw CZACZKA - Deported to Siberia, he joined then Polish 2nd Corps and participated in the Italian Campaign.  He settled in the UK after the war

Andrzej DEBICKI - A very detailed account of his experiences: as a participant in the September Campaign in Poland, he was a POW at various Russian camps.  On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps, and participated in the Italian Campaign. He was awarded the VIRTUTI MILITARI medal

Franciszka DOBROWOLSKA - Born in 1906, she writes a detailed account of her life from early childhood. After their husbands were arrested by the Russians, she and her sister were deported to Siberia with their children. On release, they spent the war years in Koja, Uganda in  Africa.  She settled in the UK after the war, later emigrating to Canada.

Jan DREWNIAK - Born in 1919 in the Postolowka settlement of Tarnopol province, he was forcibly conscripted into the Russian Army in 1940.  Released on 'amnesty', he joined the Polish 2nd Corps, evacuated to the Middle East, and later fought in the Italian Campaign.  He met and married Lucia Materiale and lived in Italy after the war, before emigrating to Canada in 1948.

Jan FEDOROWICZ - Deported to Siberia with his parents and siblings.  On release, his father and older brother joined the Polish 2nd Corps, while the rest of the family spent 5 years in Tengeru, in East Africa

Bronislaw FEDZIN - Deported to Siberia with his family.  On release, some members of the family joined the Polish 2nd Corps, others were forced to join Berling's Army, and still others remained in the USSR until after the war,

Edwarda FIJAL- Deported to Siberia with her family.  On release, she joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps and worked as s a nurse at a hospital in Rehevot, Palestine.

Zygmunt FRANKEL - Jewish child deported to the steppes of Kazakhstan with his mother

Wolf FRYDLAND - Deported to Siberia, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps when 'amnesty' was declared.  He later transferred to the 1st Polish Armoured Division and participated in the European Campaign.  After the war, he settled in the UK.

GAC Family - Deported to Siberia, father and son joined the Polish 2nd Corps when 'amnesty' was declared.  The rest of the family spent some time in Persia, then moved to the Country Club and Valivade camps in India.  After the war, the family reunited in England, and eventually emigrated to Canada.

Andrzej GARLICKI - After his father was arrested by the Russians, he and his mother and brother were deported.  His father was later executed by the Russians at Katyn. On release, Andrzej joined the Polish 2nd Corps and participated in the Italian Campaign. After spending 5 years in the UK, Andrzej emigrated to Canada.

Jan GARLICKI - After his father was arrested by the Russians, he and his mother and brother were deported.  His father was later executed by the Russians at Katyn. On release, Jan joined the Polish 2nd Corps and participated in the Italian Campaign.  After spending a few years in the UK, Jan emigrated to Argentina and later to Canada.

Zbigniew GONDEK - After his father\s arrest by the Russians, he was deported with his mother.  After release, he joined the 3DSK of the Polish 2nd Corps and he participated in the Italian Campaign. He was awarded the VIRTUTI MILITARI medal.  His father was executed at KATYN.

Piotr & Wladyslawa GRABOWSKI- Piotr fought in the September Campaign, was captured by the Germans and spent the rest of the war in a German Prisoner of War Camp.   Wladyslawa was arrested by the Germans and sent to a Slave Labour Camp in Germany. A portion of their histories is presented here as excerpts from their daughter's book titled "A Soul's Journey".

Jerzy GRADOSIELSKI - He participatesd in the September Campaign, then was deprted to Siberia by the Russians.  After release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and he participated in the Italian Campaign. He was awarded the VIRTUTI MILITARI medal and 2 Crosses of Valour. 

Jozefa GRZESKOWIAK-KIERKIEWICZ - She describe the journey south in the USSR after they were released by the 'amnesty', and then the journey to reach the Abercorn Settlement in East Africa.  Jozefa also provides details about the settlement and what it was like to live there for 4 years before returning to Poland.

Lt-Col HUGHES - She was the Principle Matron at the Teheran Hospital where Polish refugees arriving in Persia in 1942 were treated.  This is an excerpt from her diary where she goes into great detail on how the hospital was set up and the challenges they faced in treating the Poles.

HERZOG Family Chronicles (1866-2000) - Covering the following topics:  Deportation / India / the Polish 2nd Corps / KATYN

Franciszek JAKIELASZEK - Deported with his family, he then joined the  Polish 2nd Corps,  6th Armoured Regiment, and participated in the Italian Campaign.  

ThaddeuJAROSZEWICZ - The parents were deported with 7 children..  On release, the father joined the Engineering Corps of the Polish 2nd Corps, and the oldest daughter joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps.  The mother, 3 daughters and one son spent the war years in Tengeru, Africa.  The family spent a few years in the UK after the war, then eventually settled in the USA.

Stanislawa JASIONOWICZ - Deported at age 9 with her family to the gold-mining town of Dzytygara in Northern Kazakhstan.  Released on 'amnesty', the family journeyed south to find the Polish Army being formed in the USSR,  Her brother Edward joined the cadets. The rest of the family spent the war years in Lebanon, before moving to the UK.  Stanislawa became Sister Maria Teresa.

Karol JASTRZEBSKI - Participated in the September Campaign in Poland, was captured by the Russians and sent to Siberia.  On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and served in the Middle East and in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, Karol returned to Poland.  

Witomila JEZIERSKA - Witomila is the child of Katym victim, Lieutenant Wincenty Witold Wołk of the Heavy Artillery Battalion, who was a lecturer at the Mazovia School of Air Artillery in Zambrow.  This is the story she presented to the Strasbourg Tribunal.

Mieczyslaw JODELUK - After fighting with the Polish Army in France, he was interned in Switzerland, and later joined the joined the 3rd Rifle Brigade of the1st Polish Armoured Division (1PAD) and participated in the European Campaign.  He returned to Poland after the war.

JURCZENKO - KLIMCZAK - LUBNIEWSKI - 3 mini memoirs of their wartime experiences

Czeslawa KADELA - Deported to Siberia with Her family. On release, her father and brother joined the Polish 2nd Corps. The rest of the family remained in the USSR and returned to Poland in 1946.  Czeslawa later emigrated to Canada

Boleslaw (Bill) KOBYLEC - Boleslaw had been a pilot in Poland when war broke out.  He made his way to the UK and served in the Polish Air Force in the UK.  Here is his recollection of a bombing mission

Kazimiera KOLODZIEJ  - Deported to Siberia with her family, she spent the war years in Tengeru, Africa. From Africa she went to the UK, then Canada.

Tadeusz KONOPACKI - Participant of the Warsaw Uprising, then became a German POW, after which he joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division (1PAD).

Marian KOPIEC - Joined the Polish 1st Armoured Division in the UK and trained as a radio telegraphist with the goal of joining the Home Army in Poland.

Stanislaw KOWALSKI - Stanislaw describes his home village of Hucisko Pieniackie, in the Tarnopol region, and what happened to the village and its inhabitants after the war.

Stanislaw J. KOWALSKI - Stanislaw describes the conditions in Kolyma, Siberia which he was one of the few to eventually escape.  Freed by the 'amnesty', he made his way to join the Polish 2ns Corps, and was later transferred to the 1st Polish Armoured Division.  He fought the European Campaign with the 1PAD and settled in England after the war.

Halina KOZLOWSKA - Deported to Siberia with her family.  On release, she joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps.  Her two brothers also joined the Polish 2nd Corps and were killed in action exactly 4 months apart, during the Italian Campaign.

Jozef KROLCZYK- He participated in the September Campaign and was later deported with his family and his wife's family.  His parents and one of his brothers died in Siberia. On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and served in the Middle East and in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, he settled in the UK.

Father Lucjan KROLIKOWSKI - He was deported to Siberia and then. joined the Polish 2nd Corps. He ended up at the Tengeru Settlement in East Africa..  After the war, he brought 145 Polish orphans to Canada.

Irena KRZYSKOW-WALLACE - Deported to Siberia with her family. On release, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign.   Irena and her sister Mary, spent the war years in  years in Africa - first at Outschoorn, then Digglefold, and finally Gatooma.  In 1947, they joined their father in England, and eventually settled in Canada.

Bogdan KULIK - Excerpts of the Kulik Family Odyssey, recounting the family's deportation to the Monastryok labour camp in Siberia, and their subsequent journey south to freedom.

Irena KUS - Deported to Siberia with her entire family. On release, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign. One brother served in 304 Squadron of the Polish Air Force in the UK.  Another brother joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division and fought in the European Campaign.  Irena, her mother, and youngest brother spent 6 years in Masindi, Africa, then went to the UK, and eventually settled in Canada.

Janina LANG - Deported to Siberia with family.  On release, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps. She, her mother and sister spent the war years in Abercorn and Lusaka in Rhodesia, Africa.  After the war, the family reunited in the UK, and eventually settled in Canada

Julian LANG - Deported to Siberia with his family.  On release, he joined then10th Medium Artillery of the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, he came to Canada on a 2-year work contract.

Jozef LEDUCHOWICZ - Family of 7 deported to Siberia. Four family members spent the war years in Kidugala, Africa, one joined the Polish 2nd Corps, and two joined the Polish Air Force in the UK.

Stanislaw  LINDA - Conscripted by the German Army, he was captured by British in 1944, and enlisted in Polish 2nd Corps.

Romuald LIPINSKI - Deported to Siberia with his family, then joined the 12th Podolski Lancers Regiment of the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign.  After the war he settled in the USA.

Tadeusz LUBIENIECKI - Deported with his parents and brother, Tadeusz joined the Poliush 2nd Corps in the USSR, evavuated to the Middle East, and was then transferred to the Polish Air Force in the UK.  He settled in the UK after the war.

Witold LUKASZEWSKI - Witold was deported to Siberia with his parents.  After being released, he ended up in India.  After the war he settled in the USA.  Included here is an extract from his book "Three Uniforms" where he describes life in Kazakhstan

Danuta MACZKA-GRADOSIELSKA - Deported to Siberia with her family.  On release, she joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps (316 Transport Company).  Her brother also served in the 2nd Corps.

Andrzej and Zosia MADERA - Andrzej joined the Polish 2nd Corps and served in the Middle East and the Italian Campaign.  Zosia served in the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish Air Force in the UK.

Wacek MAJ - The whole family was deported to Siberia.  On release, Wacek joined  the Wilenski Reconnaissance Unit of the Polish 2nd Corps.  He eventually served with the 3DSK in the Italian Campaign.  After the wear, he came to Canada on a two-year work contract.

Stefania MAJGIER - The whole family was deported to Siberia. On released, they were sent to Masindi, Uganda im Africa.  After the war, she returned to Poland.

Boleslaw  MAKOWSKI - The family was deported to Siberia.  On release, Boleslaw joined the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign. He was awarded the VIRTUTI MILITARI medal. After the war, he came to Canada on the 2-year work contract.

MARCZAK Family Odyssey - The family was deported to Siberia.  On release, 2 of them joined the Polish 2nd Corps, 2 members joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division (1PAD), 2 spent the war years in Africa, and 1 member stayed behind in Russia

MARKUT Stanislaw & Antonina - Both families were deported to Siberia.  On release, Stanislaw joined the Polish 2nd Corps and was later transfered to the 1st Polish Armoured Division (1PAD).  Antonina joined the 317 Transport Company of the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps.  They met and married after the war and eventually settled in the US.

MARTUSEWICZ-BALUT kRYSTYNA - Krystyna was deported to Siberia with her mother and grandmother. On release, they made their was south and evacuated to Persia with the Polish Army, then were sent to the Valivade Camp in India.  In 1947, they were moved to the Koja Camp in Uganda. They later emigrated to Canada.

Dr. Zdzislaw MASZADRO - He escaped the invading Russians and made his way to France, where he joined the Resistance. He was later arrested by the Germans and sent to Buchenwald Concentration Camp.  On liberation, he joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division.

Czeslawa MONIAK-KRYGIEK - The family were deported to Siberia.  On release, she and her brother made their way to Persia and eventually to the Valivade camp in India.  After the war, she spent some time in the UK, then emigrated to Canada.

Casimir & Zofia MORAWSKI - The family was deported to Siberia.  On release, Zofia and her daughter ended up at Valivade Camp in India, while her husband and one son served in the Polish 2nd Corps.  The other son was sent to a hospital in South Africa and settled there after the war,  They lived in the UK after the war, and eventually emigratyed ro Canada.

Hela MOROZ - Deported to Siberia with her family. On release, she spent time in the Middle East and then at the Valivade Camp in India.  After the war she settled in the UK.

Alfons MRZYK - He was forcibly conscripted into the German Army.  He later joined the Polish 2nd Corps.  After the war, he returned to Poland.

Prof. Wojciech NAREBSKI - Arrested by the Russians for working for the Home Army, he spent some time in prison before being sent to Siberia.  On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and trained as a driver.  He completed high school at the Cadet school in Barbara, and later participated in the Italian Campaign.  After the war he returned to Poland where he completed a PhD and had many scientific successes.

Franciszek NEDZA - He participated in the September Campaign, then evacuated to Hungary, and made his way to France to join the army there.  He then evacuated to the UK and joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division.  He trained in Scotland and then participated in the European Campaign, settling in the UK after the war.

Jozef NESSEL - Deported to Siberia, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps on release, and was then transferred to the 1stIndependant Parachute Brigade where he later became an instructor.  He settled in Scotland after the war.

Wladyslaw NIEDOCHODOWICZ - Escaping Poland through Romania, he eventually joined the Polish Army in France, then evacuated to the UK and became 2nd Lieutenant of Artillery in Polish 1st Armoured Division (1PAD).  He fought in the European Campaign.

Zigmunt PIATKIEWICZ - Deported to Siberia, he later joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign.  He was twice awarded the Cross of Valour, as well as the Silver Virtuti Militari medal.  After the war, he settled in the UK.

Zbigniew PIERSCIANOWSKI - With the rank of Major, he was a participant in various Polish units across Europe during WW2.  After the war he eventually settled on Canada.

Rajmund & Jadwiga PIERZCHAJLO - Her family were deported  to Siberia, but sje escaped and was later a slave labourer in Germany.  He was a prisoner at Auschwitz, and other German Camps.  After the war, they emigrated to Canada.

Ewa PONIŃSKA-KONOPACKA - Participant in the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, she then spent years in a German Camp doing slave labour.  After the war, she settled in Canada.

Anna POPLEWSKA - Anna recounts her family's journey to Siberia and the subsequent journey south to freedom in Persia.

Father Jan PRZYBYSZ - Deported to Siberia in 1941, Father Jan recounts how he brought spiritual aid to his fellow deportees.

Maria QUAS de PENNO - Deported with her extended family, her younger sister and brother died in the USSR,  On release, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps, while the rest of the family were sent to Masindi in Uganda.

Henryk RADECKI - Deported with his family, Henryk became a Cadet on release, and attended the Mechanics Course in Heliopolis, Palestine.  After the war, he settled in Ste. Catharines, Ontario,  Canada.

Barbara ROBASZEWSKI - Deported to Siberia with her familky.  On release, her father joined the Polish 2nd Corps,  The rest of the family spent some time in the Middle East, then at Camp Morogoro in Uganda, Africa, After the war, they reunited in the UK and eventually moved to the USA

Aleksander ROMANKO - He was deported to Siberia with his parents, who died there.  On release, he joined the 3rd Carpathian Artilleries Regiment of the Polish 2nd Corps, and participated in the Italian Campaign.  After the war he spent some in the UK, and eventually emigrated to  Canada

Maria ROMANKO - Deported to Siberia with her parents and two brothers. On release, the family was scattered between India, Africa, the Middle East and the UK.  After the war, the family reunited in the UK and eventually emigrated to Canada

Julian RYBARCZYK - Deported with his family, after his father was arrested.  His father later joined the Polish 2nd Corps.  Julian served in the 5th Battalion of the 2nd Brigade of the Polish 2nd Corps, and participated in the Italian Campaign. Wounded in action, he was sent to a hospital in Perthshire, Scotland.  After the war, he remained in Scotland.

Karol RYBCZYNSKI - Arrested and held in prison in early 1940, then deported to Siberia in July 1940.  The memoir ends abruptly at the point that 'amnesty' was declared.

Zbigniew RYDELEWSKI - Deported to Siberia with his family.  On release, his father joined the Polish 2nd Corps, but was later injured and sent to Lusaka, Rhodesia, where his wife and daughter later joined him.  Zbigniew went to the Tengeru camp in Africa for a short time, then joined the Polish 2nd Corps in Egypt in 1942.  After the war, he settled in the UK.

Waclawa RYSZKOWSKA-ZUCHOWSKA - Deported to Siberia with her family, her husband later died on the journey south.  On release, she joined the Polish 2nd Corps and served in a hospital in the Middle East. After the war, she settled in the UK.

Walentyna RYSZKOWSKA - Lost her father and 2 siblings in the Ukrainian massacres in the Kresy, then sent to forced labour in Germany with her mother and remaining sisters. She joined the Polish 2nd Corps in 1945 and served in a hospital in the Italy. After the war, she settled in the UK.

Wladyslaw RYSZKOWSKI - Deported to Siberia with his family, his father later died on the journey south.  On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps and was transferred to the 1st Polish Armoured Division in Scotland. He served in the Northern Europe Campaign and then in the Occupying Forces in Germany from 1945-1947. After the war, he settled in the UK.

Janina SARNIAK - Deported with her parents, a sister and 2 brothers, only sghe and one brother survived.  Once evacuated to Persia, Janina spent a long time in hospital and then in an orphanage in Isfahan, before being sent to the Pahiatua Camp in New Zealand.  .

Tadeusz SAWICZ - Pilot in Poland at the onset of the war, he evacuated through Romania, and reformed in France, before evacuating to the UK.  He was a Pilot & Wing Commander in the Polish Air Force in the UK. After the war he settled in Canada.

Aleksander SOBOTOWSKI - An account of his participation in the September Campaign, then evacuating through Romania and being interned there.  He escaped and made his way to France, where he joined the Polish Army that had reformed there.  He carried out some interesting undercover operations behind enemy lines.

SOKOLOWSKA Teresa - The family was deported to Siberia. On release, they evacuated to Persia (Iran) with the Polish Army, where Anna's step-father and brother joined the Polish 2nd Corps, while she, her mother and sister made their way to Santa Rosa in Mexico.  The family emigrated to the US after the war, but her sister remained in Mexico.

Bronislaw SOKOLOWSKI - He fought in the September Campaign in Poland, as part of the 24th Heavy Artillery Company.  He was later deported to Siberia with his family,  On release, he joined the Polish 2nd Corps, and participated in the Italian Campaign.  His brother joined the Polish Air Force in the UK, while his mother and two sisters were sent to Africa. After the war, they emigrated to Canada.

Eugenia STANKIEWICZ  - Deported from the Hallerowo Settlement to Siberia with his parents and siblings, one of whom died during the journey.  His mother died just as 'amnesty' was declared, and his father joined the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign. His older brother joined the Polish Air Force in the UK. He spent the war years in India with his younger sister and brother.  After the war they emigrated to then USA

George STECIUK - With his parents, he was deported to Siberia at age 5, and does not recall much from their time there.  After release, his father joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign, while he and his mother spent 5 years in Masindi. Kenya, East Africa, and then Tengeru.  The family was reunited in the UK after the war, and then emigrated to Canada.

Marcin STEPIEN - The family was deported to Siberia, where all trace of Marcin ere eventually lost.  His wife and children returned to Poland after the war.

Leonia STEPIEN - Leonia was deported to Siberia with her husband and his family.  On release, her husband joined the Polish 2nd Corps and she joined the Women's Auxiliary.  After training  in the Middle East, they both volunteered for the Polish Air Force in the UK.  Her husnamdf was subsequently killed in a plane crash,.  Leonia settled in England after the war, and eventually met and married Stanislaw Stepien.

Stanislaw STEPIEN - Stanislaw participared in the September Campaign, then evacuated to Hungary and made his way to France to join the Polish forces there.  He was thern evacuated to the UK, where he joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division.  He settled in Bradford after the war.

Maria STRONSKA - The family was deported to Siberia.  On release they made their way south, where her father died in Uzbekhistan. They evacuated to Persia and then to Uganda.  Her brother joined the 1st Polish Armoured Division and was killed at Caen.  Maria spent some years in the UK before emigrating to Montreal.

Sabina ŚWIĄTEK - The family was deported to Siberia.  On release they spent some time in the Middle East and then in India. After the war, they settled in the UK

SZABANOWICZ Family - The entire family of Muslim Tatars was deported to Siberia They  spent some years in Tengeru, Africa, anf later Nairobi, before the family moved to the UK.

Eugenia SZKLARZ - Deported to Siberia with her family, his father later joined the Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian Campaign.  Her mother joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps, while Eugenia entered the Girls' Cadet School.  After the war, they spent some time in the UK before moving to Canada.

Kazimierz SZMID - Deported to Siberia with his family, his father died on the journey south.  Kazimierz joined the Polish 2nd Corps, but then transferred to the 1st Independent Parachute Brigade.  His brother joined the Polish 2nd Corps and participated in the Italian Campaign.  His older sister joined the Women's Auxiliary of the Polish 2nd Corps, while his mother and younger sister spent the war years in Koja, Uganda.   Kazimierz settled in the UK after the war.

Stefan SZNUK - Before the war, he was head of Polish Air Force training.  He evacuated through Romania, to France and then the UK, where General Sznujk became Chief of Staff of the Polish Air Force in the UK.  He emigrated to Canada after the war, and was instrumental in bringing 4.500 Polish veterans to Canada on a 2-year work contract.

Urszula SZULAKOWSKA - Urszula describes life at Melton Mowbray Polish Resettlement Camp in the UK, from 1957 to 1958.

Wanda SZWENDER - Deported from the Baterowka Settlement to Siberia with her parents and three siblings. On release, they spent some time in the Middle East, then were sent to the Valivade Camp in India. After a short stay in the UK, the family emigrated to Canada.

Wladyslaw SZWENDER - He was deported to Siberia with his mother and sister. On release, he served in the 2nd Brigade of the 3DSK of the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign.  After the war he came to Canada on the 2-year work contract.

Tadeusz SZYMANSKI - He was deported to Siberia by the Russians. On release, he served in the Polish 2nd Corps, and fought in the Italian Campaign.  After the war, he settled in the UK.

Witold SZYMANSKI - In this memoir, titled "Human Traces", Witold describes pre-war life in the Kresy, the deportation of his family to forced labour in Siberia, his father joining the Polish 2nd Crops while he, his mother and sisters made their way to Masindi, Uganda.  His mother died there.  After the war, the siblings joined their father in England, where Witold pursued his studies and eventually settles in Wales.  He married Kazimiera Kozlowska who had also been deported and spent the war years in Massindi.

Stanislaw TARASZEWICZ - When the war broke out, he joined the Volunteer Formation of 600 young men to defend Wilno.  He was subsequently arrested and interned in Lithuania. After escaping, he joined the Home Army (AK) and participated in many underground activities.  He was deported to Siberia in April 1941, but released by the 'amnesty' several months later. He joined the 10th Sappers Battalion of the  Polish 2nd Corps and fought in the Italian CampaignHe was awarded the VIRTUTI MILITARI medal. After the war, he lived in the UK, before emigrating to Canada in 1955.

Karolina UCHMAN - This is an excerpt about Mombasa, Kenya and Masindi, Uganda and Koja, Uganda in Africa, from the book "Karolina Remembers"

UNSIGNED  - A child remembers life in Meshed, Persia (Iran) after release from the USSR

Franciszek URBAN - He was deported to Siberia with his family.  His mother and brother died on the journey south.  Franciszek joined the Cadets in Palestine.  On graduating, he enlisted in the Polish 2nd Corps.  After the war, he settled in the US and had a varied and colourful career, travelling extensively and frequently living abroad.

Anna USOWICZ - She was captured and taken to forced labour in Germany.  Both her brother joined the Polish 2nd Corps.  After the war, the family were reunited in the UK and Anna eventually emigrated to Canada  

Stefan WESOLOWSKI - Soldier of Poland at age 9, Corporal at age 12, Stefan was a highly decorated Naval hero of Poland and the U.S., servinf onboard the ORP  Blyskawica and the USAT Ganandoc durinf WW2. He and his family settles in the United States after the war.

Julian WIELGOSZ - Julian, a pilot in the Polish Air Force in the UK - 305 Squadron, describes flying missions over Germany during WW2.