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KIDUGALA    (Part 1 of 2)

Polish Settlement in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1942 to 1948 

Kidugala was a mid-sized settlement of some 700 residents, located in the southern part of Tanganyika, near the border with northern Rhodesia.  It was in a mountainous landscape of some altitude, with a temperate climate that was cooler and healthier than other Polish settlements in Africa.  The rainy season lasted from November to April, and the dry season lasted from May to October.  During the dry season, there were strong winds from the south, and temperatures varied greatly. 


Kazimierz Chodzikiewicz, then Mr. Wagner, and finally Mr. Story, were the commandants of the settlement.  Dr. Julian Zamenhof was the director of the hospital, and his wife Dr. Olga Nietupska-Zamenhof was the pediatrician.  Police, made up of both men and women, kept the peace within the settlement.  Residents worked in the administration, warehouses, schools, and hospital, as well as the henhouse, pig sty, vegetable garden, and the numerous workshops.  Mrs. Zacharewicz ran the cooperative, and there was a canteen serving meals. 


Poles who had escaped the Soviet Gulag with Anders' Army were sent to various settlements in India, Africa, New Zealand, and Mexico in order to regain their health, and be safe from the ravages of war.  The British provided the areas within their colonies, as well as some of the administrative duties, while the Polish Government in Exile provided the necessities of life, and even some spending money, to the residents.


The settlement was liquidated in 1948 – some of the residents returned to Poland, while the rest were sent to Ifundi and Tengeru, before ending up in various parts of the globe.

Stanislawa (Stasia) Siomkajlo in Kidugala

Aniela SIOMKAJLO in Kidugala, 1943

Julia Siomkajlo - Kidugala 1943

Stasia Siomkajlo ((1st on the left) with her classmates and teacher - grade IVa in Kiduga

Bridge linking the two parts of the settlement

Approaching the settlement

Pathway in Kidugala

Administrative buildings in Kidugala

Residential units in Kidugala

Main road in Kidugala

Reservoir serving the settlement


Community Hall

Church in Kidugala

High School in Kidugala

Community Hall

Residential units

Residential Units, 1945

Residential units

Teachers' housing in Kidugala


Commandant Fischer (on the left) and Polish Superintendent Kazimierz Chodzikiewicz

Grade School in Kidugala

Girl Guides in Kidugala, 1943

Christmas 1943

Christmas 1943

Christmas 1943 - gifts for the children

Christmas in Kidugala

Christmas in Kidugala

Christmas in Kidugala

Dr. Goldberg

Residential units

Residential units

Administrative office


Residential units

High School students and teachers, 1944

End of school year, 1944

Primary School students and teachers, 1944

Main drive into the settlement

Stasia and friend

Clearing the fields

Kindergarten class - Kidugala

Children in costume preparing to dance

Children in Polish costumes preparing to dance

March 1945 - Children preparing for spring celebrations

Youth in Kidugala, March 1945

Sporting competition

Sporting competition 1944

Sporting competition 1944 (Stasia in the center)

Panorama of the landscape around Kidugala

Panorama of Kidugala

Kidugala panprama

Kidugala panorama

A lioness in the vicinity of the settlement

Primary School

Hospital in Kidugala

Doctor Eckart with nurses of the Kidugala hospital

Employees of the food warehouse

Sewing room and seamstresses

Stasia in front of Commandant's house

Boy Scouts in Kidugala

Scouting Camp in Kidugala

Scouting Camp in Kidugala

Cub Scouts in Kidugala

Residential units

Water tank for the settlement

Building of the hospital

Panoramic view of Kidugala, including the series of round huts that were added.

Bath House in Kidugala

Church in Kidugala

Addition to the church

Members of the administration, the priest, etc.

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