KIDUGALA    (Part 2 of 2)

Polish Settlement in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1942 to 1948 

Kidugala was a mid-sized settlement of some 700 residents, located in the southern part of Tanganyika, near the border with northern Rhodesia.  It was in a mountainous landscape of some altitude, with a temperate climate that was cooler and healthier than other Polish settlements in Africa.  The rainy season lasted from November to April, and the dry season lasted from May to October.  During the dry season, there were strong winds from the south, and temperatures varied greatly. 

 

Kazimierz Chodzikiewicz, then Mr. Wagner, and finally Mr. Story, were the commandants of the settlement.  Dr. Julian Zamenhof was the director of the hospital, and his wife Dr. Olga Nietupska-Zamenhof was the pediatrician.  Police, made up of both men and women, kept the peace within the settlement.  Residents worked in the administration, warehouses, schools, and hospital, as well as the henhouse, pig sty, vegetable garden, and the numerous workshops.  Mrs. Zacharewicz ran the cooperative, and there was a canteen serving meals. 

 

Poles who had escaped the Soviet Gulag with Anders' Army were sent to various settlements in India, Africa, New Zealand, and Mexico in order to regain their health, and be safe from the ravages of war.  The British provided the areas within their colonies, as well as some of the administrative duties, while the Polish Government in Exile provided the necessities of life, and even some spending money, to the residents.

 

The settlement was liquidated in 1948 – some of the residents returned to Poland, while the rest were sent to Ifundi and Tengeru, before ending up in various parts of the globe.

Panorama of the landscape around Kidugala

Panorama of Kidugala

Approaching the settlement

Church in Kidugala

Interior of the church

Father Maciaszek, the pastor, with students of Primary School class VI

Students of High School class II, 1944

Students of High School class I, 1944.

Students of High School class I, with their mathematics professor, 1944.

Guides and Scouts, March 1945. (Stasia Siomkajlo is first on the left)

Management of the settlement, 1944

Employees of the food warehouse (Joanna 3rd from left)

Cooks in Kidugala

A resident of the settlement with some of the indigenous people of the region.

Some of the indigenous people of the area.

A local indigenous person

Local indigenous person

Locals help with building more facilities, 1944

Polish residents helping with building tasks

Supplying water to the water tank

Locals in front of the church, 1945

Residents of Kidugala on a day trip to Iringa

Heading for Mombassa

Heading for Mombassa

Heading for Mombassa

Heading for Mombassa

A field trip from Kidugala

Kidugala Girl Guides on a field trip, April 1943. (Stasia in back of row 3)

Kidugala Girl Guides on a field trip, April 1945

Kidugala Girl Guides visiting a local village

Day trip to Ifunda

Butcher killing some of the pigs that were raised in the settlement

Woman from a local tribe

Local indigenous people

Local indigenous youth

Locals selling their wares at a crossroad

Local woman with children

Locals doing farming chores

Visiting a local market

Local indigenous people

Local woman and child

Baobab tree

Residential units

Kidugala panorama

Kidugala panprama

Panoramic view of Kidugala, including the series of round huts that were added.

Local landscape